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In Qatar, like right here on the Al Bayt stadium building web site in Doha, lots of of 1000’s of migrant employees are employed. They arrive notably from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal (picture taken in January 2017).
FOOTBALL – This is likely one of the figures that crystallize the opposition to the holding of the Soccer World Cup which begins this Sunday, November 20 in Qatar: the development of stadiums would have brought on the loss of life of 6,500 international employees. A reality hammered out for months by activists, politicians and even some footballers who denounce the group of the World Cup and by extension its social penalties.
Tuesday, November 15, for instance, opponents of the holding of the World Cup gathered in Paris in entrance of the Qatar embassy to pay tribute to those lacking. Just a few weeks earlier, on October 4, it was the primary secretary of the socialist get together, Olivier Faure, who denounced on franceinfo a contest in entrance of play on a graveyard “. And so as to add, due to this fact, that he ” there are 6,500 employees who’ve died within the final twelve years to construct these stadiums, in circumstances near slavery “.
A stability sheet possibly even worse, based on the Guardian
Initially, this determine comes from a survey by the British every day The Guardianprinted in February 2021. Based mostly on knowledge from India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, in addition to figures from the Pakistani Embassy in Qatar, the newspaper concluded that 5 927 employees from the primary 4 international locations talked about and 824 from the final died on Qatari building websites between 2010, when the World Cup was awarded to the emirate, and 2020.
the Guardian additional clarified that the entire stability sheet was in reality “a lot greater” because it didn’t embody the deaths of employees from different international locations, “together with the Philippines or Kenya”, additionally very labor suppliers for the Gulf international locations. Qatar employs some 2 million migrant employees, almost 90% of its complete inhabitants. “Deaths from the final months of 2020 are additionally not included”concluded the article, similar to these of 2021 and 2022 furthermore, if we had wished to maintain the outcomes updated on the date of the beginning of the competitors.
Bernd von Jutrczenka/image alliance/Getty Pictures
For months, the determine of 6,500 deaths on the development websites of the World Cup in Qatar has been hammered house. However it’s tough to substantiate (illustration picture taken in Doha in March 2022).
Based mostly on the testimonies of many households within the 5 international locations talked about above, the Guardian evoked, for instance, a person electrocuted in his room as a result of poorly insulated electrical cables, the suicide of one other who had needed to pay greater than 1,000 euros himself to be employed as a upkeep employee on a building web site or a final discovered lifeless in his room. Total, the every day evoked accidents suffered after falls, the impression of the scorching climate on the organisms, asphyxiation…
To assist its investigation, the newspaper additionally quoted Nick McGeehan, director of an NGO specializing in labor legislation violations within the Gulf international locations. A person who corroborated the truth that these migrant employees – whose place of loss of life was not essentially laid out in public knowledge – principally died on websites linked to the World Cup.
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In keeping with the “Guardian”, as early as February 2021, some 6,500 international employees had misplaced their lives on the development websites of the 2022 Soccer World Cup, organized in Qatar (picture taken on the development web site of the Schooling Metropolis Stadium, in Doha).
And for good motive: between the seven stadiums, an airport, infrastructure associated to accommodations and public transport and even the host metropolis of the ultimate, Qatar needed to construct massively with the intention to host one of many primary occasions. athletes on the planet.
Pure deaths and regular numbers for Qatar
On the time of the article Guardianthe organizing committee of the World Cup evoked “solely” 37 deaths among the many employees, together with 34 who had been “not associated to their mission “. A qualification judged fuzzy » by the newspaper, which recalled that this formulation had been used to explain the loss of life of sure employees who died whereas they had been at their workplace, however not as a result of an accident strictly talking (a coronary heart assault for instance). And which might serve, based on the British every day, to hide the truth of working circumstances on the World Cup websites.
For his or her half, the governmental authorities of Qatar relativized the extent of the phenomenon by assuring that solely a minority of employees from the international locations talked about labored within the building business, that pure deaths had been extraordinarily prevalent and that, ultimately, these figures had been on no account greater than the inhabitants common “regular”.
An assertion contradicted by the NGO Amnesty Worldwide, which has repeatedly recalled that Qatar very not often investigates the deaths of migrant employees, and that it is extremely usually frequent to attribute these deaths to respiratory sicknesses or cardiovascular accidents.
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Confronted with the figures put ahead by NGOs and journalistic investigations, Qatar and Fifa proceed to kick into contact and put ahead doubtful statistics.
Because the Australian public media SBS reminds us, if we depend on official Qatari knowledge, deaths linked to cardiovascular ailments amongst Nepalese aged 25 to 35 working in Qatar signify 58% of complete deaths. A determine that’s solely 15% for many who work in Nepal. There’s due to this fact motive to doubt the veracity of official figures and the circumstances below which foreigners work within the emirate.
Fifa acknowledges 3 lifeless on building websites
Because the publication of the figures for Guardian, Fifa (the governing physique of world soccer) like Qatar have frequently performed down the toll. As not too long ago as January 2022, Gianni Infantino, the boss of Fifa, thus defined to the Council of Europe that this determine of 6,500 lifeless “was simply incorrect”. And to make sure that solely three individuals had misplaced their lives on the Qatari building websites. A determine that overlaps with the communication of the native authorities on the 37 deaths, together with 34 not associated to work.
Gianni Infantino immediately instructed the European Parliament that there have been 3 employee deaths in Qatar 2022 preparations… https://t.co/64gEzjqfSS
— Nicholas McGeehan (@NcGeehan)
Just a few months later, he added that ” giving somebody work, even in tough circumstances, offers them dignity and pleasure “. Earlier than going again to the determine to make sure that 6,000 individuals could have died working elsewhere (solely on building websites, editor’s observe)” and that ” Fifa is just not liable for the whole lot that occurs on the planet “. An argument that he hammered house once more on the eve of the opening of the competitors throughout a lunar speech, even evaluating himself to ” a migrant employee “.
It must be famous that past the determine that has turn into a reference linked to the survey of the Guardian, different estimates from journalistic and NGO work additionally give figures a lot greater than these of Fifa. From 2015, a number of media together with the washington put up and the BBC had, for instance, seemed into the report of an NGO evoking some 1,200 deaths from 2013.
This determine was already based mostly on official knowledge from the Indian and Nepalese embassies, between 2010 and 2013. The BBC, nonetheless, put this toll into perspective, recalling that a few of these deaths involved deaths from pure causes and employees not essentially working in reference to the World Cup. Earlier than repeating the professional doubts to have on the information offered and the dearth of investigation into the true causes of loss of life.
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